Google Power Search

how to use advanced search operators, which enable you to refine a search by limiting
the index by web location, content type, and various search metadata (title, link text,
post date, etc.).

All operators are case-sensitive, so be sure to use all lowercase letters (the iPhone’s web
browser will try to capitalize the first letter of every sentence, so make sure you go back
and correct it before executing your query).

Here’s a quick list of the most useful Google search operators, followed by a more

in-depth explanation of each:

Operator Description 
Format Example
filetype: marketing plan filetype:doc Restrict search results by file type extension
site: google  Search within a site or domain
inurl: inurl:marketing Search for a word or phrase within the URL
allinurl: allinurl: marketing plan Search for multiple words within the URL
intext: intext:marketing Search for a word in the main body text
allintext: allintext: marketing plan Search for multiple words within the body text of
indexed pages
intitle: intitle:“marketing plan” Search for a word or phrase within the page title
allintitle: allintitle: marketing plan Search for multiple words within the page title
inanchor: inanchor:“marketing plan” Search for a word or phrase within anchor text
allinanchor: allinanchor: marketing plan Search for multiple words within anchor text
daterange: marketing plan daterange:
Restrict search results to pages indexed during the
specified range (requires Julian dates)
related: related:
Display pages of similar content
info: info:
Display info about a page
link: link:
Display pages that link to the specified page
cache: cache:
Display Google’s cached version of a page
define: define:viral marketing Define a word or phrase
stocks: stocks:aapl Display stock quote and financial info for a specified
ticker symbol
{area code} 212 Display location and map of an area code
{street address} 123 main, chicago, il
chicago, il
chicago, etc.
Display a street map for a specified location
{mathematical expression} 35 * 40 * 52
520 miles in kilometers, etc.
Do a calculation or measurement conversion
{package tracking ID},
{flight number}, etc.
valid tracking ID Track packages, flights, etc. using valid tracking IDs
{time in location} time in london, england Shows the local time in the specified location
{weather in location} weather in titusville, florida Shows a multiday basic weather forecast for the
specified location
{movies in location} movies Philadelphia, pa Returns movie showtimes that are playing at all
theaters in this location
{flights to/from location} flights Tucson Returns flight times to, from, or between the
locations specified
{sunset/sunrise in location} sunset in Key West, FL Returns the expected time of sunset or sunrise in the
given location, in that place’s local time
{sports team} San Francisco 49ers Shows the score from the game this sports team is
playing in, or the schedule for future games if this
team isn’t playing today
earthquake earthquake Shows the latest earthquake information around the

Refining Your Searches

If your search yields millions of search results, your search query is probably too broad.

Rather than wading through pages and pages of search results, use these search refinement tips:

• Multiple words: Avoid making one-word queries.

• Case insensitivity: There’s no need to capitalize.

• Superfluous words: Drop overly common words.

• Exact phrases: Put quotes around phrases.

• Word order: Arrange your words in the order you think they would appear in the
documents you’re looking for.

• Singular versus plural: Use plural if you think the word will appear in that form
in the documents you’re looking for.

• Wilcard: * can substitute for a whole word in a multiword search.

 Number range: .. between numbers will match on numbers within that range.

• Punctuation: A hyphenated search word will also yield pages with the
un-hyphenated version. Not so with apostrophes.

• Accents: Don’t incorporate accents into search words if you don’t think they’ll
appear in the documents you’re looking for.

• Boolean logic: Use OR and – to fine-tune your search.

• Stemming: Google may also match on variations of your search word unless you
tell it otherwise by preceding the word with +.

• Synonyms: ~ in front of a word will also match on other words that Google considers
to be synonymous or related.

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