Types of Mounds

Conical – The most common type. Can be burial, altar, or signal.

Mound_circle

 

Altar

Altar

 

Burial

Burial_mound

 

Mounds

 

Grave

 

Cross_section

 Temple

Cahokia

square

Terraced

Temple

Etowah

 

Signal

Hill_mounds

 

Miamisburg

The Great Mound, near Miamisburg

The Great Mound, near Miamisburg

 

Effigy

Effigy

 

Elephant

 

Emblematic

 

Elks

 

Emblem_mound

 

Eagle

Goose

Hawks

Salamander

Serpent

 

Great Serpent, Adams County, Ohio.

Great Serpent, Adams County, Ohio.

Turtle

 

Alligator

Bird_mound

 

Earth Works – Multiple Mounds, Enclosures, Embankments, or Henges

One of the most interesting types of mound builder sites are the larger earth works that feature multiple mounds and earthen structures like enclosures, walls or embankments or henge-like earth works.

High_bank

Circle_ditch

 

SquareInCircle

Square_circle

 

Rectangular Work, Randolph County, Indiana.

Rectangular Work, Randolph County, Indiana.

 

Builders_works

Marieta

 

Works at Cedar Bank, Ohio.

Works at Cedar Bank, Ohio.

Works in Washington County, Mississippi.

Works in Washington County, Mississippi.

Works at Hopeton, Ohio.

Works at Hopeton, Ohio.

Principal Figures of the Hopeton Works.

Principal Figures of the Hopeton Works.

 

 

 

Forts

FortHill

 

Fortified Hill, Butler County, Ohio.

Fortified Hill, Butler County, Ohio.

FortAncient

 

Headland

 

Inclosures

Square_inclose

 

Ceremonial or Religious

Crescent

Festival

Pentagon

Triangular

 

  1. Allen, E.A. The Prehistoric World: Vanished Races. Nashville: Central Publishing House, 1885. Project Gutenberg. Web. 12 Jun. 2013. http://www.gutenberg.org
  2. Baldwin, John D. Ancient America in Notes on American Archaeology. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1871. Project Gutenberg. Web. 12 Jun. 2013. http://www.gutenberg.org